The peace talks occurring simultaneously alongside the Afghanistan’s recent conflicts have served as a discussion point for finding a solution to the problem of women’s involvement in the peace building process. So far, however, these discussions have not been effective, since peace negotiation processes and ceasefires have been frail and failed. This issue raises an important question: Why have the efforts for peace failed in this country? A serious endeavor for understanding this issue has not been followed yet.

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Guideline Engendering the Peace Process through the Meaningful Engagement of Women

There are many definitions and understanding of peace in the literature. However, the most relevant definitions of peace in Afghanistan are the followings: “Peace is the harmony between the desires of people, groups, and government. In this sense peace is based on the processes that balance power between different social groups, their expectations, and cooperation models, and when the balance is not maintained between power and expectations, a social gap that can result in war and conflict will develop”

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Research on sexual harassment against women in public place,work place and educational institution of Afghanistan

Sexual harassment is one of the most ominous social phenomenon and a vicious element in Afghanistan and will fall the society into brick if not prevented. Sexual harassment, in any form, is against humanity and destroys social safety. Psychological relaxation, in particular social safety for women plays a critical role in advancement of women and brings positive changes to move forward. Creating safety and relaxation needs recognition of causes of its destruction and particularly in this case needs recognition of sexual harassment. However, a part of work is theoretical; but a major part of the issue relates to reality and should be recognized according to existing facts in Afghan society. The research is conducted on sexual harassment against women and girls.

This quantitative and qualitative research by WCLRF on sexual harassment covers different aspects of sexual harassment against women and girls in Afghanistan. The research identifies causes of sexual harassment through library studies and a data collection mainly focuses on sexual harassment phenomenon reality in Afghanistan. Data analysis evaluated different forms of sexual harassment; occurrence and consequences. Conclusion explains report summary and it ended with recommendations.

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Identifying the causes and solutions for Sexual harassment against Women in Afghanistan

Sexual assault covers multiple forms of violence such as public sexual harassment, sexual violence, molestation, eve-teasing, marital rape, sexual exploitation, and rape. Harmful gender stereotypes are intrinsic to the commission of sexual assaults in Afghanistan. Sexual assaults occur when a society stereotypes men as individuals with uncontrollable urges and women as causing fitnah, temptations or public disorder. These stereotypes are harmful because they justify and naturalize sexual assaults as a common and inescapable aspect of life. Far from being ‘natural’, sexual assaults act as a form of control over women. In 2012, the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) published research identifying harmful gender stereotypes as a cause for victim blaming and highlighting the lack of investigation and prosecution of sexual assaults in Afghanistan. The AIHRC mapped out specific cultural and social attitudes about women that contributed to “institutionalized” and “regularized”violence. AIHRC referred to stereotypes that women painted as “imperfect and unfaithful creatures” and also attributed these stereotypes to the “linguistic aspects rampant in the forms of saying and proverbs in the Afghan society.”

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